Wish And Hope (imagined) situations, when you want something in the present or past to be different.
The word wish is usually used for hypothetical
When you’re wishing a present situation was different, use wish + simple past:
* I live near the beach, but I wish I lived near the mountains.
* Getting a visa to travel to the U.S. is difficult. I wish the process wasn’t so complicated.
When you’re wishing a past situation was different, use wish + past perfect:
* I wasn’t expecting your visit. I wish you had called me first.
* Yesterday I got very angry at my best friend. I wish I hadn’t said she was stupid.
The word hope is used when you want a specific result, and when there is (or was) a real possibility of getting that result.
When you are hoping for a result in the future, you can use either hope + present or hope + will + verb (they are equal; there is no difference):
* I bought a present for my girlfriend.
* I hope she likes it.
* OR I hope she’ll like it.
* My final English exam is this Friday.
* I hope I get a good grade.
* OR I hope I’ll get a good grade.
You can also use hope in the past continuous, past perfect, or past perfect continuous, when you wanted a result, but that result didn’t happen:
* I was hoping my girlfriend would like the present I bought her, but she hated it.
* I had hoped to get a good grade on my English exam, but I failed.
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